Intermediate Component Group Extension  (ICG Ext)

This description is about the Solar Super Heater (SSH) section of the drawing above.

Solar Super Heater (SSH)
General Description:

1. The main function of the SSH is to collect solar rays, bundle them and then use the result of that action to increase the temperature of an heat conducting liquid.

2. Heat Transfer Blocks (HTBs) have 4 inputs and 4 corresponding outputs that can be configured according to what is required for a specific realization.

3. For this description, input and output D are used. All four input and output sections are individually equal in value and function.

4. It is not relevant whether or not the heat conductor used in HCR2 exits the container as a vapor or a liquid. The pump Cmp-2 is selected accordingly.

5. The valves SV-1, SV-2 and Exp-V2 isolate the heat collecting path of the SSH from the rest of the system when it is not in use.

6. The path that is denoted by the valves SV-3, SV-4 will only be in the system, if the content of HCR2 is to be used as a vapor.

7. If the content of HCR2 is to be used as a vapor, then it will need to have a boiling point that is  between the minimum and maximum temperature of the heat that is expected to enter the system through the valve ADJ-V1. That will avoid feeding the heat conducting liquid back through output X-Out with a temperature that is higher than that which it had when it entered through X-In.

8. If the liquid in HCR2 has a boiling point that will not be reached during the operation of the system, then  the SV-3 and SV-4 circuit is not required. The insulation around HCR2  will however be required in order to reduce convection losses.

9. The pump Cmp-2 is used to pump an heat conductor around the system.

10. The heat conductor is first collected in the Heat Transfer Block HTB2.

11. Rays from the sun are directed onto HTB2 and increases the temperature of it's content.

12. When that content has reached a suitable temperature, it is pumped in through the D input of HTB where it is stored temporarily so that it can be moved through Y-Out on to the next processing stage.

13. The parabolic Reflector and Lens collect bundle and beam sunlight onto the outer surface of HTB2. That means that the temperature that the content of HTB2 can reach will depend on the amount of light that can be focused on to it at any given time.

Heat Collection Function - Lens:

1. The Lens can be made using small magnifying glasses. That technique will increase the focus and light gathering capability without the need to constantly reposition the construction according to the position of the sun.

2.  A good reason for building the Lens into the roof of houses is that by setting the height position of HTB2 suitably, the heat that is reflected from things such as iron roofs can help to increase the amount of heat that can be collected, without any special extra construction and cost.

3. In fact for real small time, low cost operation on iron roofs,  the Lens can be all that is needed in order to collect peak amounts of heat, because the reflector would be a part of the roof itself. Suitable under side double insulation of such roofs is required.

4. The SSH design method is safe, when placed on roofs, because no concentrated light beam will be pointing in directions where people are looking. If for any reason a concentrated beam becomes pointed past the receiver HTB2, it will spread back out to it's original strength after a short distance. 

5. Birds will avoid SSHs just like they avoid the sun. 

6. HTB2 is placed inside a vacuum so that convection losses will be reduced to a minimum.

7. Depending on the size that the SSH will have, the vacuum can be created in advance of it's use or be created when the system is running.

8. The SSH, with it's very few moving parts, allow energy to be captured directly from the sun and inserted into the chain of a SHE at any suitable point.  

The Goal of the Solar Super Heater (SSH) :

1. The goal of the SSH is to collect peak amounts of energy at higher temperatures when the sun is high and store it or use it to produce things like fresh and clean drinking water from any water source, including sea and salt lake.

2. In this house application example, the stored energy can be used to drive reverse osmosis filters in order to produce clean water. It can also be used for hotplate cooking and or baking.

3. In a time period of 3 hours a SSH reflector radius of 1 meter will allow the collection of enough  solar energy in order to produce 1 cubic meter of clean water using  reverse osmosis filtering.

4. 1 cubic meter of water per day is enough to satisfy the basic and comfortable needs of a 4 person family.

5. In certain known parts of the world,  a single two person group will look towards occupying 50 square meters of covered living space and a 4 person family will usually look towards occupying a covered living space that is about 100 square meters.

6. With a 1 meter radius SSH, just about 4 meters of roof surface area will be required for the basic and comfortable water requirements of a 4 person family.

7. That means that by placing SSHs inside the roof of houses, enough energy can be collected in that 100 square meter area to give any type of family an head start.

8. No matter how the energy is generated for it,   reverse osmosis filtering for water should be a must for all up and coming second and third world countries.

9. When sea fish farming in desert type areas becomes a viable process, the SHE and  reverse osmosis filtering will allow individuals and groups to enter that job and income generating market.

10. Pumping sea water from the sea long distances inland will be an infrastructure problem that is the same as building roads.

11. Is your coastal water good enough to support sea fish as live stock?

12. In this modern day, do any toxic residues remain after sea water has evaporated at a certain place?

13. Is salt lake water better for cultivating fish than sea water.

14. The mixing and diluting of fresh and salt water will be an interesting challenge.

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Extension 1  of  ICG Page (11)

Intermediate Component Group with Extension (ICG-Ext)


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