Heat Transfer Block (HTB)
An Heat Transfer Block (HTB1) is required, in order to amplify and transfer the heat that has been collected by H-COL. HTB1 first holds the heat long enough for the heat conductor HC-1 to collect and pass it on at an higher temperature to ICG1 or the Back End.
For HTB1 water can be used as the heat storage buffer medium, because it's temperature is not expected to rise above 60° C.
The heat storage area of HTB1 is the cross hatched area. Any design can be used that gives a maximum amount of heat transfer area and also reduces weight shifts and splashing.
The heat transfer blocks have been given a general purpose design so that even unforeseen versions and combinations can be implemented using the same structure.
The HTBs have 4 inputs and 4 associated outputs and is similar to heat exchangers, but a limited amount of heat storage after amplification is embedded in them, so that they can pass heat on to follow up stages.
Because the Front End has removed some of the heat from the water that flows through the body of the vehicle, the passenger compartment of the vehicle will not be as hot as would otherwise be the case.
That means that energy inserted into the system by way of fuel in order to cool the vehicle will be reduced.
Because the system will use less fuel, one can define that a vehicle that use to carry 50 litres of fuel, may only need to carry 20 litres.
That leaves 30 litres heat storage space for the HTBs in the Front End, Intermediate and Back End. HTB1 and ICG1 could then contain 10 litres water each and HTB3 could contain 10 litres of lithium.
According to the heat collecting capabilities of the heat conductors described in HCR-1, ICG1 and HCR-3, the maximum temperatures of the HTBs will be:
HTB1 = environment temperature
HTB in ICG1 = 60°C
HTB3 = 120°C.
If ICG1 is left out of the heat collecting chain, the temperature of HTB3 will = 60°C
Because water will only have a vapour pressure of 2 bar at 120°C , it can be used as the heat storage buffer for all three HTB stages.
The checked muster in the HTBs are plates that prevent splashing and large weight changes that would otherwise be associated with large and sudden speed changes.
All HTBs have been given a standard 4 input to 4 output structure.
In HTB1 and the HTB that is in ICG1 the inputs and outputs have been joined to pairs so that only 2 inputs and 2 outputs exist.
In HTB3 all 4 inputs and outputs have been configured so that there are 3 inputs and 3 associated outputs.
The heat collection and transfer capability must be sufficient no matter which configuration is used.
Once heat has entered the system, it is to be kept there as long as physically possible.
Use insulation where necessary.
Configurable Heat Transfer Block - As used in a solar heat engine