Solar Heat Engine (SHE) With Hydroelectric Initialization
This description is about how a SHE can amplify  hydroelectric power and that power use to drive anything up to a whole economy.

How It Works
In order to capture the force associated with the gravitational acceleration of falling water and use it to drive an electric turbine the method shown in Diagram 1 is used.

Firstly, the turbine is positioned near a river such that the water that is to flow through it will contain enough kinetic energy when it reaches the turbine blades.

That means that water can be made to fall and thereby collect enough kinetic energy on it's way to the turbine blades. The turbine does not need to be in a river bed or directly on the exit of a lake. 

When the water comes out of the turbine, it is piped horizontal to the ground, until it reaches the river again and flows back into it.  The system can also be setup around lakes, if the land around it has suitable gradients.

Once a river can deliver enough water in order to replenish the amount required by the turbine, there is no need to construct very large lakes in order to provide sufficient reserves of water propellant.

Whether lake side or riverside design, turbine water inlets can then be designed so that paths for migrating fishes can easily be allowed to exist.

The Solar Heat Engine is then used to increase the power coming from the hydroelectric turbine up to it's required level.

That means that land and or water will not be wasted through the use of very large artificial  reservoirs for the purpose of providing electric power in one specific place only.

Notice how the design and construction described here can be repeated a large number of times along even very long rivers, without affecting wet lands down stream.

Evaporation that is normally associated with artificial lakes will hereby be reduced to negligible amounts.



Fish
In the design shown in Diagram 1 above, electric power for all applications is made available.

Protein in the form of fish at a constant quality can not be transported very easily across long distances. Therefore while on the subject of energy collection and use close to water, a large scale supply of fish protein along rivers that would otherwise show a limited content is part of the application maximization and efficiency effort that allows profitable infrastructure calculations and preparations to be made.

In Diagram 1, note how filters are used to pass water on to fish tanks and to pass it back into the river. For employee based operations, three fish tanks allow manure to be extracted while still maintaining low idle times.

Suitably large filters prevent contamination of livestock living areas and drinking water down stream, while still keeping water loss to a minimum.

Certain parts of the world have an abundance of salt, but the population could be living anything up to 5000 kilometers away from the sea. For the scientific minded, it would be a useful job to see if  sea fish could be grown in an artificial mixture of salt and water as is found in seas. Water would thereby be piped to the fish farming areas on the edge of deserts and the manure used to build up a small amount of protective tree growth. There are also salt lakes, whose extracted content can be modified, before use.

There are some parts of the world where a river can be over 6000 kilometer long and pass through several different countries.

The application of the method shown in Diagram 1 means that countries down stream will not be affected by things that are done by countries up stream, as long as none decomposable objects are kept clear of the rivers.

Water Transport
A flying ship that is designed such that it can be driven by one man could round off the plan to keep fresh water resources constant.

At that point one would be at the "trimaran" design, with the center body as the cargo hold.

In areas where one is sure that the fish population has been placed in nature reserves, the electric boat may find a market.

Example: Inland seas, where a part of the population live from fishing, could use such partially wind driven boats so that fish stocks will not be damaged too much by propellers as activity on such seas increases.

Battery driven electric propeller motors would thereby only be used for a limited amount of activity such as Maneuvering on docks etcetera. That would save too many frightened fishes from running into propellers. See
Burner part of Solar Heat engine description.

From the long term perspective, two stroke engines with their oil and gas mixtures could be eliminated.  


Have River, but no Hydroelectric
Burner (Extension 1)

Burner (Extension 2)


Burner (Extension 3)


Burner (Extension 4)

Burner (Extension 5)










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Solar Heat Engine Application


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Diagram 1