The Cow 1
The cow has been with us since the beginning of time and man has been drinking it's milk and using all it's other parts since that time.
This text, distances itself from anything that could be against the well being of cows and all other farm animals. It is not allowed to imagine or conclude that the specific treatment or manipulation of farm animals that others find to be incorrect has been sanctioned in any text belonging to these writings.
Each one will earn their profits and answer for themselves.
There are not a lot of animal protection laws around that can be applied or implemented, but that which others consider to be poor farming practices can have an effect, especially if it may also endanger the well being of people.
The dairy cow (milk cow) is considered to be the none plus ultra of animal farming.
HERE ARE SOME THIRD PARTY DATA
For practical purposes set 1 Kg milk = 1 Liter milk
If you are still a gallon thinker, 1 gallon = 4.5 Kg
Milk Production for One Cow in a Day:
The world record - Holstein 110 Kg
Kholmogorsk 80 Kg
Yaroslavi 65 Kg
Real average - Any Cow 34 Kg
Amount needed for calf - 5 Kg
Time from new born calf to Milk Production - 2 to 3 years
Yearly milk production period - 10 months
Total milk production period - 4 years.
Total life span of a milk cow - 7 years
Total life span of beef cattle - 2 to 3 years.
Round some numbers off here:
Monthly milk production = 30 days x 30 Kg = 900 Kg per month.
Yearly milk production = 900 Kg x 10 months = 9000 Kg per year.
Four years milk production = 900 Kg x 40 months = 36000 Kg
Calculate the estimated total cash value using the prices for milk and meat in your area.
As stated in other parts of the project description, this is really about the use of the Solar Heat Engine (SHE) on a farm, therefore the interest rate for money that has been borrowed in order to get a SHE will not usually exceed two cows. That means 20%. In other words, if you are going to get a SHE for your small time milk cow farm, the payment will probably be in the range between one and two milk cows or straight forward one to two beef cows for cash payments. The size and price will therefore be limited by the amount of cows a SHE buyer can take care of. Basically speaking, the size of a SHE will influence it's price long before a farmer uses his or hers farm goods to compare value for money.
The procedure for getting access to sufficient energy will therefore, probably be to start with a lower price solar (electric) collector system, just so that you can see where you are going and then progress to the SHE after it reaches the exhibition halls.
In the first instance grass is free in the savanna and that allows the stage to be set for value added production to be attached to a SHE through both cow and human activity.
Cows like herbs too, but you will probably need to know which ones are toxic to them. There is said to be proof that cows who eat some herbs along with the standard feed are healthier and produce better quality milk. Milk cow farmers will need to know the plants that grow around them. Information can also be collected from cow farmers whose cattle had hitherto graze on wide open land.
The none plus ultra feed for cows is Silage. It is an excellent solution, if you want to bridge dry seasons and be somewhat surer that the food is clean as far as that means for animals.
The documentation as to it's origin was not found, but all evidence point to the standard diet of raindeers.
You can however bet that a cow will also like a bite of real green, including sprinklings of other things that suit their taste. They also need exercise. It sometimes look as if certain types of grasses are preferred by certain cow farmers around the world, but that might be related to those persons previous cow farming history or the speed at which those known grass additives will grow compared to the speed of savanna grass.
Set up feeding so the risk of "foot and mouth" can be reduced.
We all know the rejuvnenating effect of a salty breakfast. Check what the book says about cows and good salt.
It can be noted here that in order to be able to keep animals successfully in zoos, one had to actually go out and check exactly what those animals were eating.
There are some plant odors that repel airborne parasites. Their effect seem to be as much as 50% more effective indoors than out doors. Watered down aroma on certain areas of a cow so that it will not hamper it's sense of smell is a method worth considering. It can be washed off just as the cow is entering it's stall so that there is no over dosing. The less unnecessary circular microbe exchange the better. Example: From the ground -> fly -> cow -> ground. There are other circular exchange paths that parasites use.
That means that it might not be a bad idea to have an acre or two of airborne parasite repelling plants in order to keep the milk cows healthier during peak milk production. It is assumed here that top fit cows will give top amounts of milk.
A starting estimate for the amount of water that a milk cow will need can be estimated to be about 5 times the amount of milk that is expected. If there is any left over, water the spice garden with it. Calculate water for washing the animals and their home extra. You can get all that you need from the roof, if the covered housing area for the cows is large enough. Check how to wash animals properly, because you do not want too much sudden or continuous redirection of blood from around the lungs to other parts of the body, before the brain knows about it.
It will be described further down in this text how any amount of clean water can be collected, no matter how far one is away from the nearest river. You will, however have to consult your local inventor, if you want to get what you need.
You do not want the government to lock down your cow farm, unless it is something that suddenly came in, in large quantity on the wind.
See the subtitle: PASTEURIZE LAND WITHOUT FIRE AND COLLECT ENOUGH WATER AT THE SAME TIME.
Concrete, stone or other none slip surfaces, spread with dried hay seems to be the most popular method, but that may be related to the type of crops being grown around the area where cows are farmed. In any case you do not want your animals to have any problems with lack of fresh air, damaged skins or catch colds because the are bedding directly on concrete. One slip of a cow's foot could mean the difference between a 20KW SHE and a 10KW SHE. Your government will check to see that there is no price manipulation of the SHE on the farm level that could jeopardize the food supply chain or prevent start up.
You maybe a little surprised when you read what animal doctors say about the best and cheapest ways of bedding down cows.
It appears that sand seems to be a good one. You however do not want it to be blowing into the faces of cows as if they were living in a desert.
Most importantly, sand can be washed and used repeatedly. Consult your local inventor.
HOW MANY COWS
According to world experience, 10 cows are about the most that any one man can be expected to handle. The fact however is that help will always be required at some time or other, if not all the time. For good measure lets say 12 cows per person and 36 cows for three persons so that someone will always be half awake at all times.
The extra 2 can be beef or milk cows. In this description, they can be used to pay for the Solar Heat Engine and other things related to it. Baring adversities, a step in farm improvement every two to three years will put most farmers up to about where they want to be within about 10 years. No kind of do it yourself activity, because a cow can not speak is being advocated in this text.
REAL LIFE SPAN OF A COW
If you want to know the real life span of a cow you will have to ask the correct person and there is only one country in the world where he lives.
It can however be noted here that the longest living animal is said to be an elephant that boasted the age of 87. That animal is said to have spent it's life in a circus and zoo type environment. With that knowledge, one might say that four clean walls and a roof is also very relevant to health and life span. For Africa the walls would be half walls with sufficient mosquito proof air inlets around the bottom and the same kevlar netting to cover the rest so that good ventilation and a method to back of flying parasites will be embedded in the system. You will have to check and see, if cows like clean feet and or a shower when they come in from the outside, just like elephants do.
Remember that commercial food products will have to pass some quality control tests in order for you to be on the up an up. Relative mineral content, vitamin content and toxicity seem to be the most important things that concern buyers. In this context, relative means deviations from previously defined normal values.
Statistics seem to show that peoples that consume a larger amount of milk are in fact on average a little bit taller than others.
However, more than just any old milk will be required in order to extend the average life span of a given population.
HOW MUCH LAND DOES A FARMER NEED
That question can not be answered here, but if real small time industrial farming is going to get off the ground in Africa, there must be some form of land allocation organized by the governments so that banks will be able to give out credits.
The land would then be the farmer's insurance for a credit, because it can be passed on to others in cases of payment default.
To hazard a guess for Africa let's say 15 to 20 hectares with the option of leasing more from the local government, if and when available and required. 2 acres is about the size of a professional football field.
1 acre was defined by the Romans to be the amount of land that one man and an "ox" could plough in a day.
A penny less farm worker could then theoretically, be able to work for someone else in order to bridge the hunger gap while building up a fruit farm.
Another method is that stocks and shares money from recognized bank lenders could also serve to start 4 month type crops, if those persons can guarantee that they can and will take crops, financed in such ways, off a farmer's hands. Those kinds of stocks are called "futures". They mean that someone that already has some money is risking a small amount in the hope of getting a good cut of the big crop. In the real world, a farmer will not see the "futures", but they will see the interest rate. Depending on the real distribution path of farm products, farmers will see a difference in the interest rate that is used to increase the price of the "futures" when they are sold back to the banks.
Set up A Solar Heat Engine Driven Farm based around the Cow Part 1